Comprehensive Ranking System, How it works

The Express Entry system will come into force on January 1, 2015. The system will create a pool of candidates for immigration to Canada. Candidates will be assessed based on a number of criteria, and the highest ranking candidates will be invited to apply to immigrate to Canada. There are requirements not only to get into the pool, but also to be chosen from it.

Pool entry criteria

To get into the Express Entry pool, skilled foreign nationals will need to meet the criteria of one of the federal immigration programs subject to Express Entry:

  • the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP),
  • the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP), or
  • the Canadian Experience Class (CEC).

Comprehensive Ranking System

The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is a points-based system that will be used to assess and score a candidate’s profile to rank them in the Express Entry pool.

The CRS will assess the profile information candidates submit, including:

  • skills,
  • work experience,
  • language ability,
  • education and other factors.

CIC believes that these factors all play a role in economic success for immigrants once in Canada. Additional points will be awarded for candidates who have a job offer or a nomination by one of Canada’s provinces or territories under their their provincial nominee programs.

CIC will select the highest ranking candidates from the pool through regular “draws” and invite them to apply to immigrate as a permanent resident.

Comprehensive Ranking System formula

All Express Entry candidates will be given a score out of 1,200, based on the four parts of the Comprehensive Ranking System formula:

  • Skills and experience factors (that we know are key to economic success for immigrants once in Canada)
  • Spouse or common-law partner factors (such as their language skills and education – these are known to result in better economic success for both the spouse or common-law partner and the candidate)
  • Skills transferability (including education and work experience – factors that when combined, result in better chances of being employed, and higher earnings)
  • Additional points for those with a nomination from a province or territory or a valid job offer


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